[Discuss] Economics Re: Free Hardware

Adriano Zianna adriano.zianna86 at gmail.com
Sun Mar 22 09:35:28 UTC 2015

Nancy thank you very very much

2015-03-21 18:58 GMT+01:00 Nancy Ouyang <nancy.ouyang at gmail.com>:

> Replying under a new thread title -- with respect to
>  the benefits that it can bring to companies, even at levels of strategy.
> You may find these links interesting, the general keyword being
> "shanzhai" 山寨文化
> http://www.hackedmatter.com/materials/
> http://interactions.acm.org/archive/view/november-december-2012/created-in-china
>> many Shenzhen factories have adopted a model of open source sharing in
>> order to lower production costs. They have informally organized a
>> peer-to-peer database for sharing hardware design schematics and the bill
>> of materials (BOM), a list of materials used in manufacturing a particular
>> product. The open sharing of these resources allowed the factories to lower
>> production costs to stay competitive in a global market.
>> This form of open source manufacturing has co-evolved with the formation
>> of new production sites, including, for example, counterfeit/copycat design
>> houses. Over the years, these copycat productions have adopted these open
>> source processes and moved beyond simply copying popular brands such as
>> Nokia or Apple. Today they often produce new, consumer-specific products,
>> such as *mobile phones with additional features tailored to particular
>> customer segments or location-specific demands.* Examples include
>> dual-SIM-card mobile phones that support two operator networks on one
>> device—such as the G5 phone, a made-in-Shenzhen brand for the Indian
>> market—and phones with built-in compasses that are shipped to consumers in
>> the Middle East, who may need to know the direction of Mecca during prayers
>> [11
>> <http://interactions.acm.org/archive/view/november-december-2012/created-in-china#R11>
>> ,12
>> <http://interactions.acm.org/archive/view/november-december-2012/created-in-china#R12>
>> ].* Many of these innovations were later reappropriated by mainstream
>> mobile manufacturers; for example, in 2010 Nokia launched two dual-SIM
>> mobile phones.*
>> Copycat productions from Shenzhen are often described with the term
>> *shanzhai* ([image: intr1906_c.gif]). However, in the hackerspace
>> community,* shanzhai now speaks to a new form of innovation based on the
>> principle of open source manufacturing and continuous remaking*
> http://www.bunniestudios.com/blog/?p=284, which links to
> http://www.bunniestudios.com/blog/images/shanzai.pdf
> "香烟?手机?还是香烟手机?" (yep, that's a cellphone-box-of-cigarettes and a
> model-RC-car-cellphone)
> To give a flavor of how this is viewed in China, I heard a local comment
>> about how great it was that the shanzhai could not only make an iPhone
>> clone, *they could improve it by giving the clone a user-replaceable
>> battery. US law would come down on the side of this activity being illegal
>> and infringing,* but given the fecundity of mashup on the web, I can’t
>> help but wonder out loud if mashup in hardware is all that bad. I feel
>> there is definitely a bias in the US that “if it’s strange and it happens
>> in China it must be bad”, which casts a long shadow over objective
>> evaluation of new cultural phenomenon that could eventually be very
>> relevant to the US.
> My personal favorite shanzhai story is of the chap who owns a house that
>> I’m extraordinarily envious of. His house has three floors: on the top, is
>> his bedroom; on the middle floor is a complete SMT manufacturing line; on
>> the bottom floor is a retail outlet, selling the products produced a floor
>> above and designed two floors above. H*ow cool would it be to have your
>> very own SMT line right in your home! It would certainly be a disruptive
>> change to the way I innovate to own infrastructure like that *
> http://www.silvialindtner.com/
> and linked articles therein, such as
> http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2014/05/chinas-mass-production-system/370898/
> You may also find perusing the archives of this list interesting:
> http://lists.oshwa.org/pipermail/discuss/
> And well, you did ask for our personal thoughts...
> http://www.orangenarwhals.com/2015/03/crazy-ideas-crackpottery-open-source-hardware-and-economics/
> Oh --- another thought ---
> What my friends and I who have visited China agree on is that people here
> (in the US) seem to be completely underestimating
>    - [the number and sheer determination of poorly paid
>    academic/technical expertise in China]
> combined with
>    - [the co-location of manufacturing expertise, equipment, and supply
>    chains].
> Aka, in China, all the poorly paid STEM folks (that we have in the US as
> well, see academia), are starting to find themselves in an environment
> where they can translate their innovations and creativity into $$$.
> *This is a fundamental difference in the software and hardware worlds *that
> I doubt some people (cough rms cough) have any idea about.
> If, in the Western English-speaking world, we just focus on *competing *and
> lawyering our competitors, eventually other countries, because they're
> working on more fun / exciting things and collaborating just as much as
> they are competing, *are going to eat our lunch.*
> so let's join them instead! :)
> Thanks,
> --Nancy
> ~~~
> narwhaledu.com, educational robots
> <http://gfycat.com/ExcitableLeanAkitainu> [[<(._.)>]] my personal blog
> <http://www.orangenarwhals.com>, orangenarwhals
> Researcher, Postmodern Robotics Group, MIT Electronics Research Society
> On Sat, Mar 21, 2015 at 8:31 AM, Adriano Zianna <
> adriano.zianna86 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Hi guys,
>> My name is Adriano and I'm studyind economincs.
>> Actually I'm finishing my studies and I'm writing the thesis. Topic of my
>> thesis is the open source and his experiences, including the open hardware.
>> So I wanted to ask yousome questions:
>> What do you believe about the development of open hardware in the present
>> and in the future, and the benefits that it can bring to companies, even at
>> levels of strategy.
>> Thank you so much your precious attention
>> With Best Regards
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